Lies, Damn Lies & Damn Persuasive Lies: Toward the Lying Machine

 

Lies, Damn Lies & Damn Persuasive Lies: Toward the Lying Machine

Sage Labs 4101

October 24, 2007 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM

The Turing Test - one of AI's grand challenges - includes, if it does not outright consist in, the ability to lie; yet AI has largely overlooked mendacity. Within the framework of a well-known philosophical account of lying, we posit sufficient conditions for a machine to lie to a human. We then show how a machine, armed with relevant theories from psychology of reasoning, can meet these requirements for being a liar. In our demonstration we exploit the fact that humans are, unlike machines, by and large, imperfect context-independent reasoners. Further, the mode and method of systematic failures in human reasoning can be accurately predicted by an ecumenical, psychological theory of human reasoning. This work is progress toward a lying machine that tells what we call 'sophistic lies': psychologically persuasive yet fallacious arguments that effectively lead humans to false (erroneous) beliefs while confirming at each step their sometimes misguided intuitions about what is true

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