James D. Adams, RPI


James D. Adams, RPI

Sage 3205

October 8, 2008 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Expansion of U.S. universities since World War II gained from the arrival of immigrant scientists and graduate students, the broadening of access to universities, military research, and expansion of high technology industries. Since the 1980s growth of scientific research in Europe and East Asia has exceeded that of the U.S., suggesting convergence in world science and engineering. But the slowdown of U.S. publication rates in the late 1990s is a different matter. Using a panel of U.S. universities, fields and years evidence is found of allocative inefficiency which has slowed growth in public universities and in university-fields falling into the middle and bottom 40 percent of their disciplines. This is not true of private or Top 10 universities or top 20 percent university-fields. These developments can be traced in part to slower growth in tuition and state appropriations in public universities compared to revenue growth in private universities.


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