Issues in Cognitive Science: Eric Ameres, Kristine Gloria

 

Issues in Cognitive Science: Eric Ameres, Kristine Gloria

Sage 4101

April 2, 2014 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM

Eric Ameres:

Title:  Spontaneity in Cognition, Creativity and Collaboration
Abstract:

The way we traditionally account for a sense of the "natural" in simulated and generative systems is by constrained pseudo-randomness.  This relegates natural input to being not much more than noise.  It is little more than an ether that takes the shape of the container in which it is placed (or the hole through which it is squeezed). 

I propose that we need to further study that spontaneous ether and how it's influence is a transformation from something inherently more complex rather than simply noise in model-based systems.  We should first take a closer look at the way these systems and models emerge and how we choose to represent them, as well as to how we can interact with them as they form (for the purposes of exploring and understanding them).  I will focus on Markov modeling, compression and simulation as methods, and music and language as fields, test beds and applications.

 

Kristine Gloria:

Title:  Cognition & Privacy: What can cognitive science teach us about privacy (and vice versa)?

 Abstract:

 “You say land of the free?/ I say my data belongs to me!” Chanted by thousands of individuals attending an anti-surveillance rally in Washington, D.C., in October 2013, this expression represents a complex system of social processes and individual practices that contribute to the meaning of privacy. The study of privacy has traditionally focused on the societal level processes that influence meanings for individuals. In other words, conventional research describes a downward causation that moves from the social-to-individual levels. Building on my early exploratory data from the rally, the heterogeneous nature of the findings suggest that there are underlying cognitive factors, like motivation, emotion and learning, that need to be further explored. Moreover, as society becomes more digitally capable, assumptions of what privacy means offline versus what it means online must be investigated in depth. To address these concerns, the project draws from cognition and culture literature, which suggests a multi-directional, multi-level analysis of social structures grounded in theories of cognition. The task is to determine the role of cognition in the construction, representation and propagation of privacy beliefs. To accomplish this, the larger project asks: What does it mean to have a personal concept of online privacy?; what does it mean to have a shared concept of online privacy?; in

what ways do these meanings converge and or diverge?; and what role, if any, does the Web play in the transmission, construction and regulation of individuals’ understanding into a collective understanding of privacy? This talk will present an overview of this proposed approach and will solicit feedback from the audience on this early-stage exploration. 

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