Edward Deci, Promoting Effective Performance and Psychological Well-Being Across Life's Domains

 

Edward Deci, Promoting Effective Performance and Psychological Well-Being Across Life's Domains

Sage 4101

September 24, 2014 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM

Throughout the history of research on motivation, most approaches have treated it as a unitary concept—that is, one that varies in amount but not kind. People have been viewed simply as having more motivation or less.  Self-determination theory (SDT) differentiates types or qualities of motivation rather than focusing only on the amount of motivation. Central to the theory is the distinction between autonomous and controlled motivation. Autonomous motivation involves acting with a full sense of volition and choice, whereas controlled motivation involves acting with a sense of pressure or demand. It is only autonomously motivated behaviors that are fully self-determined because it is these motivations that are either inherent to or have been fully assimilated with the core self.  It is also autonomous motivation that has been found to promote effective performance and psychological health.  SDT has focused on interpersonal conditions that promote autonomous versus controlled motivation in the various domains of our lives.

 

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